The Constitution of
The University of West Florida
Renaissance Fencing Club:
The name of the organization: shall be called “Salle McAfee.” The University of West Florida Renaissance Fencing Club shall be named in honor of Ron McAfee, the previous instructor, and under no circumstances will it be altered in any way, shape, or form so that it does not honor Ron McAfee.
Purpose: The main objective of the UWF fencing club is to allow any person interested to participate in the art and science of fencing in the traditional fashion of the Renaissance era in a learning environment that promotes camaraderie and chivalry.
Note: At any point where an interest in Olympic fencing should develop within the club, the current instructor shall address it. However, it will not be discouraged in any way.
Membership: The UWF fencing club shall be open to all faculty, staff, and students, but will also include outside individuals from the Society of Creative Anachronisms (SCA) at the approval of the instructor and Office of Sport Clubs. Anyone not included in either the SCA or UWF must ask permission from the instructor to participate in the fencing club’s activities.
Only UWF students maintaining one semester of membership with good attendance (averaging once a week) and in good academic standing (GPA 2.5 or better) reserve the right to vote and hold office.
Membership and participation will be free from discrimination based on religion, age, sex, national origin/ ancestry, marital status, parental status, sexual orientation, transgenderment, disability, or status as disabled, war veteran (to include Vietnam-era veterans). Current students wishing to join must have a GPA of no less that 2.0.
All those wishing to become members must complete eligibility/release forms. Participants of Salle McAfee are recommended to attend at least one class per week.
The UWF Renaissance Fencing Club adheres to the “no try-out policy,” the club is open to anyone regardless of experience.
Expulsion: In the event that a member of the UWF fencing club fails to adhere to the bylaws, upon three warnings, that member will face probation, suspension, and possibly expulsion. Each offense will be handled on a case-by-case method by a combination of the officers, the faculty/staff advisor, and the instructor, but it may be necessary to immediately expel a member for severe offenses. Expulsion and reprimand offenses will be defined in the attached bylaws.
Offices and Officers: University of West Florida Fencing Club will have the following offices: President, Vice President, Corresponding Secretary, Internal Secretary, and Treasurer.
Club officers reserve the capability to institute or abolish club fees and/or dues; however they are not exempt from paying them.
Club officers may instate or amend bylaws with the approval of the organization. They are the final authority on electing the faculty/staff advisor.
Officers will be elected every semester, but may be impeached with the approval of the instructor and a majority vote of the organization. They may be re-elected as many times as the club members will allow, but no more that three consecutive semesters.
President: The President is top authoritive figure responsible in the maintenance and well being of the organization. The president must delegate responsibility to his or her fellow officers. The main duties of the president include:
1. The President is responsible for knowing, upholding, and adhering to the current UWF sport club manual.
2. Presiding at all meetings and practices.
3. Appoint committees for accomplishing goals for the better function and prosperity of the salle, as well as keep the goals on track and make sure deadlines are met.
4. Act as primary mediator of any dispute that may arise within the club.
5. To act as the club’s main representative and public figure to outside organizations and the general community.
Vice President: The Vice President will carry the president’s master-at-arms responsibilities on in his or her absence. While in office the vice president will assist the president and share in his or her duties. The vice president must also:
1. Attend all meetings unless there is a valid reason otherwise.
2. Mediate any dispute that may arise within the club.
3. Sustain the safety during practice; to include regular equipment inspection and safety during sparring.
4. Enforcing the bylaws and act as master-at-arms.
5. Assists in meeting all deadlines.
Corresponding Secretary: The corresponding secretary is the ambassador to other organizations, and responsible for the organization of external affairs which will include:
1. Reporting progress and upcoming changes or events to the UWF sport club official(s).
2. Obtaining and filling out any needed forms for the prosperity of the salle.
3. Scheduling with rooms and facilities of the group as a whole.
4. Acting as a representative to the school and outside organizations.
5. Assists President in setting up events on campus and correspondence with other like organizations.
6. Meets all deadlines.
Internal Secretary: In conjunction with the Corresponding Secretary, the Internal secretary is concerned with affairs of individual members. The responsibility of the Internal Secretary includes:
1. Obtains mail for the club from the Sports Club Office.
2. Responsible for aiding members filling in necessary liability and membership forms.
3. Maintain an accurate sign-in sheet.
4. Notifies members if they are breeching any part of the constitutions or bylaws or if they are at risk for being expelled from the Salle.
5. Meets all deadlines
Treasurer: The treasurer manages the budget and handles spending for the club for his or her term of office. The duties of the treasurer include:
1. Keeps an accurate record of spending.
2. Prepares a budget and financial status reports to be presented to the UWF sport club official(s).
3. Preserves a precise inventory of UWF sports equipment.
4. Enforce any due payments by member.
5. Organize fund raising events.
6. Meets all deadlines.
Note: If there are not enough eligible people to take on the responsibilities for each office the President will delegate remaining responsibility among the officers.
Bylaws: All activities of this organization shall be conducted in accordance with all University of West Florida and the policies of the Office of Sport Clubs, but will also include:
1. Conduct of the Salle: While receiving instruction at Salle McAfee the participants will adhere to the following rules:
a. Respect the instructors or fencing masters.
b. Respect your opponent and fellow students.
c. Fight in a matter that is safe and fair.
d. Always up hold the ways of chivalry, honor, and courtesy
i. Protect the defenseless and safeguard their honor while not acting in a discriminatory way. (i.e. sexist, racist, ect)
ii. Uphold one’s own honor.
iii. Maintain loyalty to your superiors and colleagues and respect their opinions and beliefs.
iv. Advocate and adhere to the virtues of generosity, valor, integrity, modesty, temperance, honesty, compassion, fortitude, and wisdom to the best of one’s abilities.
e. Always be courteous, polite, and well mannered, especially at the salle and club events.
2. General Conduct: The following conduct must be adhered to whether one is in or out of the sale:
a. Drug abuse will not be tolerated.
b. Felonies committed in the salle are grounds for immediate expulsion; felonies committed out of the salle shall be addressed in a case-by-case method.
c. Those representing Salle McAfee are expected to present themselves and their actions in a manor that upholds with the bylaws of the salle.
Outline of Combative activities:
1. Sharp points, edges or corners are not allowed anywhere on any equipment.
2. All equipment must be able to safely withstand combat stresses.
3. Equipment that is likely to break a blade or damage other equipment is prohibited.
a. The following types of blades are used:
i. Rapier blades: 34 - 50 inches tip to hilt
§ Oval bladed schlagers
§ Diamond bladed schlagers
§ Del Tin Practice Rapiers
ii. Dagger blades: [18-20 inches tip to hilt]
§ flexidaggers (including "schlager daggers" i.e. Black Tulip)
B. All are subject to the following:
i. Steel blades must be manufactured by commercial suppliers.
ii. Steel blades will not be altered by grinding, cutting, heating, hammering, or other actions that could significantly alter their temper, flexibility or durability. Normal combat stresses and blade care do not violate this rule. Exceptions are:
a. The tang of the weapon may be altered.
b. Rapier blades may be shortened so long as it does not make them too stiff.
iii. All steel blades must be reasonably flexible. Rigid steel "parrying-only" daggers such as those made from cut down blades will not be allowed.
iv. The edge must be nominally 1/16 inch. Less than this is considered too sharp. Diamond bladed schlagers must be checked carefully for the minimum edge.
v. All blade ends must be capped with rubber, plastic, or leather.
. Tips will have a flat striking surface of at least 3/8 inch (9mm) diameter.
a. Tips must be firmly taped or glued in place. The tip must be of a color contrasting with the blade so that the tip's absence is readily apparent. If tape is used, it must contrast with both blade and tip.
vi. Any blade with kinks, sharp bends, or cracks shall not be used. Steel blades that develop these defects cannot be repaired and must be retired. Blades with "S" curves shall not be used unless they can be properly re-curved.
vii. Weapons may use a hand guard such as a cup hilt, swept hilt or quillions and knucklebow. Quillions cannot extend more than 6 inches from each side of the blade. The ends of quillions must be blunt with a 1/4 inch minimum diameter.
viii. Orthopedic (or "Pistol") grips will not be used unless the fighter has written approval, by doctor, for medical reasons.
ix. Rapiers with a blade length greater than 40 inches may be used only with opponent's consent.
2. PARRYING DEVICES:
A. Solid parrying devices will be made of sturdy, lightweight materials and will be resistant to breakage and splintering. Bucklers may be of any size; however, bucklers of greater than 16" diameter (200 square inches) may be used only with opponent's consent.
B. Soft, non-rigid devices such as cloaks may be made of cloth, foam, leather and similar materials. They may be weighted with soft material such as rope or rolled cloth; they shall not be weighted with any rigid material, nor with materials which are heavy enough to turn the device into a flail or impact weapon.
C. Devices that would predictably cause entangling of an opponent, or their equipment, either by design or by repeated mishap, are not allowed.
D. Offensive parry devices not including daggers or a second sword are not permitted.
E. An opponent may decline to face non-standard devices without forfeiting a bout.
B. Protective Gear
1. In order of increasing resistance:
A. Abrasion-resistant material: material that will withstand normal combat stresses (such as being snagged by an unbroken blade) without tearing. Examples include, but are not limited to:
ii. a single layer of heavy poplin cloth (35% cotton, 65% polyester; "trigger" cloth)
iii. sweat pants
iv. opaque cotton, poly-cotton or lycra/spandex mix tights.
Nylon pantyhose and cotton gauze shirts are examples of unacceptable materials.
B. Puncture-resistant material: any fabric or combination of fabrics that will predictably withstand puncture. Examples include, but are not limited to:
i. Four-ounce (2 mm) leather;
ii. four layers of heavy poplin cloth;
iii. ballistic nylon rated to at least 550 Newtons;
iv. commercial fencing clothing rated to at least 550 Newtons.
Kevlar is not an acceptable material, as it degrades rapidly.
C. Rigid Material: puncture-resistant material that will not significantly flex, spread apart, or deform under pressure of 12 Kg applied repeatedly to any single point. Examples of rigid material are:
i. 22 gauge stainless steel (0.8 mm)
ii. 20 gauge mild steel (1.0 mm)
iii. 16 gauge aluminum, copper, or brass (1.6 mm)
iv. one layer of heavy leather (8 ounce, 4 mm)
2. Individuals preferring more stringent protection are free to do so, but must weigh the benefits of more rigorous penetration coverage against the risks of heat illness, exhaustion, and stroke due to heavier or more confining gear.
A. HEAD AND NECK:
i. The front and top of the head must be covered by rigid material to below the jaw line and behind the ears. Standard 12 kg fencing masks are known to meet this standard. If built to this standard, rapier combat helms are also acceptable.
ii. The face must be covered by either 12 kilogram mesh (e.g, a standard fencing mask) or perforated metal. Such metal must not have holes larger than 1/8" (3 mm) in diameter, with a minimum offset of 3/16" (5 mm) and shall also meet the definition of rigid material.
iii. Masks and helms must be secured to the fighter, so that they cannot be easily removed or dislodged during combat. The combination of snug fit and the spring-tongue in a conventional fencing mask is NOT sufficient, by itself, to secure the mask to the fighter.
iv. Both modern fencing masks and rapier helms, when inspected, shall comply with the rigid material standard, provisions on facial coverage, and shall show no evidence of impending failure (e.g, rust which weakens the metal involved, dents or other defects which spread open mesh, broken weld points, etc). If there is concern about the face mesh of a modern fencing mask, it should be tested using a standard commercial 12kg mask punch.
v. The rest of the head and neck must be covered by at least puncture resistant material.
vi. Additional throat protection is also required. It shall consist of rigid material, as noted above, covering the entire throat, and shall be backed by either puncture resistant material (as a hood), one quarter inch (1/4") (6 mm) of open-cell foam, or their equivalents. The cervical vertebrae shall also be protected by rigid material, provided by some combination of gorget, helm, and/or hood insert. An extension from the gorget that covers the collar bones is recommended, but not required.
B. TORSO AND OTHER KILLING ZONES
i. The entire torso (the chest, back, abdomen, groin, and sides up to and including the armpits and shoulders) must be covered with puncture-resistant material.
ii. Male fighters shall wear rigid groin protection. Any ventilation holes large enough to admit a broken dagger blade must be covered from the outside with at least puncture-resistant material.
iii. Female fighters shall wear puncture resistant groin protection. Rigid groin and breast protection is strongly recommended, but not required.
C. ARMS AND LEGS
i. Minimum armpit and shoulder coverage is provided by extending the puncture resistant material from the torso 1/3 the distance to the fighter's elbow.
ii. Hands shall be protected by gloves, made of abrasion resistant material, that overlap any sleeve openings as below. A strong cuff of at least 3 oz leather is strongly recommended (especially if using open or swept hilts), but not required.
iii. Feet shall be protected by boots, shoes, or sandals, comprised of at least abrasion-resistant material.
iv. Abrasion-resistant material is required on the rest of the arms, legs, and any area not otherwise mentioned in these rules.
v. No skin shall be bared. There shall be a minimum two inches (2") of overlap between separate pieces of protective clothing, regardless of the fighter's stance or movements.
D. Disabled Fencers
i. Any additional precautions for disabled participants will be handled on a case by case basis.
All combatants will be in the required protective gear with a blade that is safe that is not edged or sharp, no pointed end, and capped with a rubber tip and tapped on. Anyone who is not fully safe will not participate in practice or tournaments.
Fencers shall shake hands with masks off before beginning any crossing of blades. Before a bout fencers will show respect to one another and salute: First, spectators or guests. Then, their adversary they are about to duel.
All combatants, prior to every combat or practice, shall insure their equipment is safe, in good working order and has been inspected and seen fit to use in combat.
1. BEHAVIOR ON THE FIELD
a. All fighters shall obey the commands of the judges overseeing the field, or be removed from the field and subject to subsequent disciplinary action.
b. Disagreements with the judge will be handled with the combatants and the judge.
c. Each fighter shall maintain control over his or her temper and behavior at all times.
d. Striking an opponent with excessive force, or with deliberate intent to injure, is forbidden.
e. Upon hearing the call of "HOLD" all fighting shall immediately stop. The fighters shall freeze, check for hazards in their immediate vicinity, and then assume a non-threatening position with their weapons pointed away from their opponents.
f. Conduct obstructive of normal rapier combat, such as consistent ignoring of blows, deliberate misuse of the rules (such as calling HOLD whenever pressed), or the like, is forbidden.
2. USE OF WEAPONS AND PARRYING DEVICES
a. Blows will be struck by: thrusting with the point of the blade (thrust); or sliding the edge of the blade by drawing (draw cut - min. 6 inches).
b. Chopping or hacking blows are never permitted. Fast circular movements (such as moulinets) may, however, be used to place a blade for draw cuts.
c. Parrying devices may be used to move, deflect, or immobilize an opponent's weapon or parrying device in any manner, so long as such use does not endanger the safety of the combatants.
d. Striking an opponent with any part of a weapon or parrying device not approved for that purpose is prohibited.
e. Any combatant being disarmed, or dropping a weapon, must be able to draw another weapon from his/her person or yield. NO HOLD SHALL BE CALLED. His/her opponent may exploit an earned advantage with no loss of honor. [NOTE: It is chivalrous to allow one's opponent the opportunity to retrieve a dropped weapon or secondary, but just as in armored combat, acts of chivalry
are praiseworthy - NOT mandatory.]
3. ACKNOWLEDGEMENT OF BLOWS
a. In judging blows, all fighters are presumed to be wearing common civil attire of the period, not armor.
b. Tourneys may be held which define areas of the body as armored, and to what degree, so long as all the participants are made aware of these special conditions prior to the start of combat.
c. In rapier combat, blows will be counted as though they were struck with a real rapier, extremely sharp on point and edge. Any blow that would have penetrated the skin shall be counted a good blow. Any blow that strikes a mask, helm or gorget shall be counted as though it struck flesh.
d. A good thrust or draw cut to the
iv. inner groin (to the fighter's hand width down the inner limb), or
v. armpit (to the fighter's inner hand width down the limb)
shall be judged incapacitating, rendering the fighter incapable of further combat.
e. A good blow to the arm will disable the arm. A good blow to the hand shall render the hand useless; the rest of the arm may still be used to parry with a loose fist. Any additional hit to that hand will disable the arm.
f. A good blow to the foot or leg will disable the leg. The fighter must then fight seated. They may not sit up off the ground to attack or parry.
g. Parries may be performed with weapons, parrying devices, the gloved hand, or any other part of the body. Though the gloved hand may be used to parry an opponent's blade and hilt, it shall not be used to push, grasp or strike an opponent.
h. Fighters may choose to grasp, rather than parry the blades. If the blade that is grasped moves or twists in the grasping hand, that hand is deemed disabled. Grasping techniques shall be used only to immobilize a blade momentarily, NOT to bend it or wrest it from the opponent's grip. Grasping techniques are restricted to the blade and may not be used on the hilt.
i. If an effective blow is thrown (already in motion) before, or on, the same moment as an event that would stop a fight (a "HOLD" being called, the fighter being "killed" himself, etc.), the blow shall count. If the blow is thrown after the hold, killing blow, or other event, it shall not count.
After a match has ended, fencers will remove masks, shake hands, and leave the fighting area.
Only the fencing instructor will sanction advanced students to aid beginners in learning basic fundamentals. Beginner and advance students practicing outside of the club session is permitted; however, all participants are responsible for knowing appropriate locations for practice. Anyone practicing unsafely in or out of class will be penalized in accordance with the President, Vice President, and department of sport clubs.
Checking out equipment will be granted to all Fencing club members. Participants wishing to continue in the Fencing Club may wish to purchase their own equipment, however, it is not required. Loaned gear must be kept in the condition it is received or better. It must be returned to the club upon leaving the club permanently or suspension/expulsion.